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Size & Population:
Arusha is a city of Arusha region in north-eastern of Tanzania with an area of 24,728.6 sq km, part of Arusha region with an area of 82,428.5 sq km out of this a total area of 3,571 sq km or 4.3 percent is covered by water bodies of Lakes Eyasi, Manyara, Babati and Natron. The remaining 78,857.5 sq km is a land area with a population of 416,442 inhabitants.
The region has a common border with Kenya in the north, to the east it borders with Kilimanjaro and Tanga regions.
Arusha is a Tanzania hub for major international diplomatic as it hosts the East African Community and since 1994 it hosted the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. It is a multicultural city with a majority African population, large Arab and Indian minorities, and many European and American experts, engaged in diplomatic affairs and the fast-growing local tourist industry.
Arusha city is the centre of Tanzania tourism. Situated below the second tallest in Tanzania, Mount Meru on the eastern edge of the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley, it has its own national park, the Arusha National Park and is surrounded by Africa’s most famous landscapes and national parks to include:-
- Ngorongoro Crater
- Lake Manyara
- Olduvai Gorge
- Mount Kilimanjaro
It is surrounded by hills to the north and east with a local habitat of a mix of savannah woodlands where its population with the main ethnic groups of Iraqw, Arusha, Maasai, Meru and Barbaig mixed with others Sonjo, Gorowa, Rangi,Chagga, Pare and Nguu in small numbers have lots to share.
Arusha is served by Kilimanjaro International Airport [JRO] located about 60 Kilometres east of the city on the way to Moshi, the town of Mt. Kilimanjaro. The airport provides international and domestic flights to both international and national travellers. In addition, the city in its west has a domestic Arusha Airport [ARK] serving more than 87,000 passengers yearly.
There are regular buses and coaches from and to Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Dodoma, Moshi, Tanga in Tanzania mainland and from and to Nairobi in neighbouring Kenya.
Size & Population:
Moshi town is a Tanzanian municipality with a population of 184,292 according to the 2012 census. The municipality is in the Kilimanjaro Region and is situated on the lower slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, covering an area of 59 km².
Moshi town serves as the base for expeditions up the “Roof Top of Africa”, Mount Kilimanjaro and cultural tourism programs operating on the lower slopes of the mountain.
Moshi is always referred to as “the Town of Mt. Kilimanjaro” is at the base of Africa’s highest mountain and a home to mainly Chagga tribe-people. Other small ethnic groups residing the town after the independence are Pare, Wakahe, Sambaa, Indian, and Arabs. Moshi town has also a good number of European and American experts. It lies on the east to west road linking Arusha and Mombasa in Kenya, and it is very close, about 35 Kilometres to Kilimanjaro International Airport [JNIA].
Germany established a military camp in Moshi (Neu-Moschi) in August 1893 with the northern line railroad reached Moshi in 1912.
Moshi is a city of commerce, coffee production and marketing and banking activities. It has number of coffee establishments, Commercial Banks, Foreign Exchange Bureaus, and Business companies in all sectors.
Moshi hosts a number of higher education facilities. Those include the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College (KCMCo), the Stefano Moshi Memorial University College (SMMUCo), the Mwenge Catholic University (MWECAU), the Moshi Co-operative University (MoCU), the College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM), the Kilimanjaro School of Pharmacy (KSP), and the Tanzania Training Centre for Orthopaedic Technologists (TATCOT).
Moshi, Tanzania is at the foot of the tallest mountain of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro with its ice capped peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo throughout the year despite being in the equatorial region. Beside a mountain, Moshi has a stable climate and the town enjoys a relatively cooler temperature. The popular attractions includes:-
- The sceneries and greens of the mountain slopes
- Several wonderful designed Cultural tourism programs
- Climbing the Roof Top of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro through well designed routes of Marangu, Machame, Lemosho, Umbwe, and Rongai
- Visit to Lake Jipe, NyumbayaMungu, and the Lake Chala, a crater lake in a Calderon the borders of Tanzania and Kenya on the eastern edge of Mount Kilimanjaro. The lake is home to the endemic Lake Chala Tilapia [Oreochromishunter].
Moshi is served by the Kilimanjaro International Airport [JRO] for international and domestic travellers from all corners of the world. The airport is located about 35 Kilometres from Moshi on the way to Arusha.
Moshi has also domestic charter flights through the Moshi Airport [QSI] to and from Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, Arusha, Kilimanjaro and National Parks serving both international and domestic travellers.
BY Bus [Road]
There are daily buses and coaches to and from Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Tanga, Dodoma, and Mbeya and neighbouring countries of Kenya [Nairobi] and Uganda [Kampala] through the all way tarmac roads.
Size & Population:
Tanga City is located on the shores of the Indian Ocean in northeast Tanzania. It has a land area of 474 square Kilometres with an estimated population of about 273,332 people according to National Census 2012.
It is the administrative city of Tanga region situated at the extreme northeast corner of Tanzania between 40and 60degrees below the Equator and 370-39010’degrees east of the Greenwich meridian. The region occupies an area of 27,348 sq Kms, sharing borders with Kenya, Morogoro, Coast, Kilimanjaro and Arusha in Tanzania.
In comparison to other Tanzanian cities and towns, Tanga City has the best economic and social infrastructure in the country, and is well connected by road, railways lines, Domestic Airport and telecommunications. Tanga is the seaport city situated in the northeast of Tanzania very close the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar.
The City is the second largest port, third largest Industrial center in Tanzania, and also the headquarters of Tanga Region, Tanga District and Tanga City Council. Tanga city has institutions in medical and livestock research, the largest Regional hospital and companies offering financial services. An airport provides air services to other urban and tourism centers in the country.
It was known to Shirazi Persians over a thousand years ago, had thriving trade links with Asia and the Middle East in the 13th Century, and became a continental gateway, including for the colonial activities of Omani Sultans, the Germans and British. During the past century and half, it developed functions as a transport, commercial, administrative, military and urban-industrial hub and as an important engine of the Regional and National economy.
Tanga people are originally Digo ethnic group, however other ethnics groups namely Sambaa, Zigua, and Bondei migrated to the city from other parts of Tanga region. There are other small ethnic groups such as Segeju, Duruma, Mbugu and Pare, and small population of Asians and Europeans living in the city.
Tangais a city with unique resources in terms of cultural and heritage tourism. The history of the city and its architectural heritage is special in Tanzania to offer most popular attractions just to mention a few:-
- Well-preserved Tongoni Ruins managed by the Department of Antiquities in a small fishing village situated17 km south of Tanga City. The ruins was once a prosperous and respected trading centre in the 15th century established by the Shirazi of Persian
- Mysterious Amboni Caves located about 8 km north of Tanga City. The caves are the most extensive limestone caves in East Africa, and were sculptured by nature into a fascinating underground world of halls, chambers, niches and tunnels, some equipped with stalactites and stalagmites.
- Toten Island in Tanga Bay. The island is covered by a lush coastal forest with huge baobab trees and has also ruins of early settlements. Toten Island also has small beaches and nature trails crisscrossing the forest and ruins and can be visited by boats, arranged by hotels and tour operators in Tanga.
- Gallanos Hot Sulphur Springs located about 8 km from Tanga City and only 3 km from the Amboni caves. People visits these hot and sulphurous springs for their healing properties, especially for skin ailments.
- Traditional Boat Building, Yambe Island, Old Ndumi Village Ruins, Tanga Museum and an experience to Traditional Medicine
Tanga City is served by the Tanga Airport [TGT] for domestic flights from and to Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Moshi, and Zanzibar.
BY Bus [Road]
There are daily buses and coaches to and from Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Arusha, Kilimanjaro, and Morogoro and neighbouring countries of Kenya [Mombasa] through the all way tarmac roads.